Bibliography – West Africa’s ICTs

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Agba, George. “Nigeria: Transparency Inernational 2012 Report – Togo, Niger, Mali Less Corrupt Than Nigeria.” Leadership, December 6, 2012. http://allafrica.com/stories/201212060280.html.

Akoh, Ben, Egede-Nissen, Bjørnar, MacLean, Don, and Creech, Heather. Preparing the Ground for the West Africa Internet Governance Forum: A Review of Internet Public Policy Interests and Processes in Selected Countries in the Region. International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2011.

Alhassan, Amin. “Telecom Regulation, the Postcolonial State, and Big Business: The Ghanaian Experience.” West Africa Review 4, no. 1 (2003).

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Bastian, M. “Nationalism in a Virtual Space: Immigrant Nigerians on the Internet.” West Africa Review no. 1 (May 2009). http://www.africaknowledgeproject.org/index.php/war/article/view/400.

Bollou, Felix, and Ojelanki Ngwenyama. “Are ICT Investments Paying Off in Africa? An Analysis of Total Factor Productivity in Six West African Countries from 1995 to 2002.” Information Technology for Development 14, no. 4 (2008): 294–307. doi:10.1002/itdj.20089.

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Jansen, M. “Bridging the Gaps in Internet Development in Africa.” IDRC (2006). http://idl-bnc.idrc.ca/dspace/bitstream/10625/15099/14/106156.pdf.

Johnson, DL, Belding, Elizabeth, and van Stam, Gertjan. “Network Traffic Locality in a Rural African Village.” ICTD2012. ACM (2012).

Livingston, Steven. Africa’s Evolving Ecosystems: A Pathway to Security and Stability. Research Papers. Africa Center for Strategic Studies, 2010.

LLC, ProQuest. “Economic Nationalism and Decolonization: West Africa in Comparative Perspective1.” Docstoc.com. Accessed December 5, 2012. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/68697209/Economic-nationalism-and-decolonization-West-Africa-in-comparative-perspective1.

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McDowell, Stephen D., Philip E. Steinberg, and Tami K. Tomasello. Managing the Infosphere: Governance, Technology, and Cultural Practice in Motion. Temple University Press, 2008.

Mudhai, Okoth Fred, Wisdom J. Tettey, and Fackson Banda, eds. African Media and the Digital Public Sphere. Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Mueller, Milton. Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004.

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.Nxt. “WCIT Lowdown: It’s All About Africa and Committee 5.” .Nxt | Internet Policy and Governance Dissected, December 3, 2012. http://news.dot-nxt.com/2012/12/06/wcit-lowdown-its-all-about-afr.

Pogge, Thomas. Freedom from Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor? New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Polikanov, Dmitry, and Irina Abramova. “Africa and ICT: A Chance for Breakthrough?” Information, Communication & Society 6, no. 1 (2003): 42–56. doi:10.1080/1369118032000068778.

Prepah, Joshua. Report of the Chairman of Committee 5 to the Plenary Meeting Plenary Meeting. WCIT, Dubai: International Telecommunications Union, December 11, 2012.

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“African Telecoms and Internet Markets – Part 1: West Africa (Nov. 2007) | Balancingact-africa.com.” Accessed December 13, 2012. http://www.balancingact-africa.com/reports/telecoms-and-interne/african-telecoms-and-0.

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“Country – Cote DIvoire- Regulatory Snapshot – International Telecommunication Union – BDT.” Accessed December 14, 2012. http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/icteye/Regulators/CountryProfile.aspx?countryId=61.

“Country – Ghana – Regulatory Snapshot – International Telecommunication Union – BDT.” Accessed December 14, 2012. http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/icteye/Regulators/CountryProfile.aspx?countryId=90.

“Country – Nigeria – Regulatory Snapshot – International Telecommunication Union – BDT.” Accessed December 14, 2012. http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/icteye/Regulators/CountryProfile.aspx?countryId=167.

“Country – Togo – Regulatory Snapshot – International Telecommunication Union – BDT.” Accessed December 14, 2012. http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/icteye/Regulators/CountryProfile.aspx?countryId=228.

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